The virtues of political decentralization with a federal form of government are many. This type of government allows a close control of power and more effective citizens' control on the government institutions. It encourages local initiatives of citizens. For example, citizens' savings can be channel toward local infrastructure. This process will go a long way in reducing the dependence of African nations to international financial assistance. In the long term, Federalism will mean the expansion of economic and political integration and the disappearance of several African nations in their current configuration. The advantage will be taming the potential for ethnic tensions. By virtue of their existence and for their own survival, local governments and central governments will maintain a check-and-balance system in order to reduce the risks of abuse of power.